Dengue fever is an illness caused by the bite of a mosquito called Aedes aegypti mosquito. This mosquito normally lives and breeds in freshwater inside houses or outside site the house.
When the Mosquito Bites
Moreover, mosquitoes bite at the time of sunrise or at the time of sunset, so be careful at these times.
Signs and Symptoms of Dengue Fever
After that, Signs and symptoms that occur a week after the mosquito bite are as follows:
- High-grade fever is usually 103 to 104 F.
- Severe Body aches.
- Severe Muscle and joint pains.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Pain behind eyes.
- However, sometimes starts with flu-like symptoms.
Mode of Transmission
However, Dengue fever is not contagious means it does not spread from person to person, it spreads when a mosquito bites a person infected with the dengue virus, and if the same mosquito bites another person the virus enters into the bloodstream of the person, so the new person will get infected with dengue virus.
What does the virus do inside your body?
The dengue virus attacks the blood cells in the circulatory system which leads to low white cell count and decreased platelet count. It attacks the liver and spleen which results in an alteration in blood clotting time which further leads risk of bleeding.
Phases/Stages of Dengue Fever
Furthermore, There are 3 stages of dengue fever:
The febrile phase also called dengue fever (DF):
In this phase, the patient has a high-grade fever duration from 3 -7 days. An important consideration in this phase is to control fever and maintain hydration by IV fluids or oral fluids. Most people recover from this phase with good care and maintaining proper hydration. If the patient is not well-managed patient may enter into the DHF Phase which is a critical phase of dengue.
DHF (Dengue hemorrhagic fever):
After seven days of the febrile phase fever becomes normal and patients start feeling nausea epigastric pain and vomiting. In this phase of dengue, patients have a very low number of platelets and bleed easily. Consideration in this phase is to maintain the patient’s platelet count and continue hydration. Also, the patient will have a skin rash, if these symptoms start patient should seek medical attention and avail proper medical care.
DSS (Dengue shock syndrome):
However, In this phase, the patient becomes collapsed, going into severe hypovolemic shock in which uncontrolled low blood pressure, uncontrolled bleeding, and breathing problems, may need high dependency care in the hospital setting.
Treatment/management of dengue fever:
Hence, Dengue fever has no specific treatment it is managed by supportive treatment like:
- Medication to reduce fever and pain. Try to lower your body temperature by applying cold sponging on your forehead, and armpits and washing your face.
- Intravenous fluid administration or if no nausea and vomiting patient can increase fluid intake as much as possible.
- Cover the bed of the dengue patient with a mosquito net so that dengue cannot be spread to other family members by mosquitoes.
- Take proper rest.
- Avoid outdoor activities that can cause dehydration. For symptoms of dehydration open the link
- Avoid sharp screens and lights that can worse headache.
- Avoid NSAIDs like ibuprofen and aspirin which can increase your risk of bleeding if there is a drop in platelet count.
- Avoid using sharp objects like razors and knives that can make cuts which can lead to severe bleeding.
- Avoid brushing your teeth instead apply toothpaste to your finger and clean your teeth or use a very soft brush to avoid gum bleeding.
- Avoid intramuscular injections that can cause internal bleeding or can cause internal hematomas.
- Be vigilant for complications of dengue fever like bleeding from any orifices i.e. bleeding from the nose, mouth, blood in urine, blood in stools, etc.
Who is at risk of getting dengue?
However, populations of all ages who come in contact with the dengue mosquito are at risk of getting dengue but the complications and severity depend upon the patient’s immunity. Patients with weak immunity can have worse conditions than those with strong immunity. furthermore, patients who are on immunosuppressive therapy for any disease patients who underwent any kind of transplant like bone marrow transplant, kidney transplant, or liver transplant, or patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment.
Similarly, children and the old age population are also at high risk of getting more complications of dengue due to weak immune systems.
Seeking Medical Attention:
Consult your physician in case of the following condition.
- High-grade Fever and pain not settling with fever medications like paracetamol.
- Skin rash getting worse day by day.
- Bleeding from any part of your body can be nose bleed, rectal bleed, or blood in the urine.
- The feeling of low blood pressure you will feel palpitations or a high heart rate a feeling of difficulty breathing, are the symptoms of hypovolemic shock or severe dehydration.
- Epigastric pain, severe nausea, or vomiting.
Furthermore, Dengue can be well managed by timely detection and proper management, Moreover, delaying in seeking medical advice and mismanagement can lead to severe complications and can even lead to death in severe cases.