Blood donation is a voluntary process in which a person donates blood willingly to save someone’s life. By donating blood you can help someone who has a life-threatening situation. Another benefit is that you will be screened for your health. such as,
- You will come to know your hemoglobin level platelets and white blood cells.
- You will be screened for HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and some other infectious diseases as well
- Your blood pressure will be checked.
- You will come to know your weight according to your age.
- Your blood group will be checked if not checked prior. This screening is done free of cost in almost all centers.
Who can Donate Blood?
Moreover, For blood donation, not everyone is eligible, there is a set of criteria for the donor.
- The age of the donor must be above 16 years.
- Weight must be above 50 kilograms.
- Should not have any symptoms of fever that can be a sign of any infection in your body.
- a person physically fit and does not have any history of infectious diseases such as HIV or hepatitis C.
Who Can not Donate Blood?
The following donors are fit for blood and blood product donation.
- A person with a positive history of hepatitis C, Hepatitis b, and HIV.
- A person with a history of cancer or kidney disease.
- A person who is on steroid therapy.
- A person with uncontrolled diabetes.
- A person with skin infections or skin lesions.
- A person on blood thinner medications cannot donate however he can donate if medications are stopped for at least 7 days.
- A person with drug abuse cannot donate blood.
- A person with a weight of less than 50 kilograms is unfit for blood donation.
Benefits of Blood Donation
Following are the benefits of donating blood
Improves Mental Health and Decreases Depression,
Furthermore, Researchers say, that after donating blood and helping save someone’s life one feels mental satisfaction and happiness that has a positive impact on your mental health which decreases the risk of getting depression.
Lowering blood pressure:
A decrease in blood volume after donation helps in lowering blood pressure. People with high hemoglobin levels can safely donate blood in a blood donation center instead of throwing it away. Furthermore, donating blood on a regular basis maintains their Hemoglobin levels.
Decreases the Risk of Heart Diseases
Furthermore, donating blood on a regular basis lowers the risk of heart disease and risk of stroke.
What to do Before Donating Blood:
- Before going to the hospital or blood donation center, maintain your hydration by drinking more fluids and juices. So, that your blood pressure will be maintained.
- Have a full meal.
- Try to take a bath so your skin will be clean.
- Avoid fatty and oily food.
- Do not take medication, if you are on anti-hypertensive or other medications, must inform the health care team.
- Wear clothes with loose sleeves, so that the health care providers assess your veins and draw blood easily.
During Blood Donation:
You will be sitting on a special comfortable chair. Your healthcare provider will assess your vein and insert a large bore needle in your blood vessel called a vein, with an attached bag. The bag will be kept at a level lower than the level of your arm. The bag will be filled in a few minutes and after the required amount of blood gets collected, your healthcare provider will remove the needle and will apply a pressure dressing to stop bleeding. Do not get up from the chair in a hurry, take some rest of five to ten minutes then stand up. Standing just after donating blood may cause fainting due to some drop in blood volume and blood pressure.
After Blood Donation:
After blood donation again take fluids, mainly juices, and an energy drink. so, that your blood pressure and sugar levels will be maintained.
- Take some rest.
- Do not remove the bandage immediately remove it at least 3- 5 hours later.
- If you feel any sign or symptom like low blood pressure contact the blood center.
However, blood donation is a safe process with wonderful benefits. So try to donate blood regularly. It has no harm to the donor, as most people in many developing countries where there is no awareness of blood donation hesitate to donate blood. Moreover, one can donate blood after 56 days (almost 8 weeks) one can donate platelets every 7 days. If someone is a regular blood donor you can take some iron supplements between blood donations.